Patients suffering from elbow or forearm pain are often seek out physiotherapy. Pain may be caused by local structures within or around the elbow, or may be referred from other sources (such as the neck or upper back).

One of the most common clinical presentations is the patient suffering from gradual onset outer elbow pain due to overuse of the wrist/forearm extensor muscles during gripping activities (e.g. in manual work or sports). This typically causes gradual degeneration of the tendons where they attach to the outer elbow (lateral epicondyle) and is known as extensor tendinopathy, or more commonly, tennis elbow. There are numerous other causes of elbow pain and forearm pain, some of which present suddenly due to a specific incident and others which develop gradually over time.

Below are some of the more common causes of pain in the elbow and forearm region with a brief description of each condition to aid diagnosis.

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