Foot pain may be caused by local structures within or around the foot, or may be referred from other sources (such as the lower back).

One of the most common conditions is the patient suffering from gradual onset heel pain due to repetitive stress on the connective tissue attaching to the heel bone due to excessive strain placed on the heel. This typically causes gradual degeneration and inflammation of the heel and is known as Plantar Fasciitis. There are numerous other causes of foot pain, some of which present suddenly due to a specific incident, others which develop gradually over time.

Below are some of the more common causes of foot pain with a brief description of each condition to aid diagnosis. Conditions have been organised according to sudden or gradual onset and common or less common conditions for ease of use.

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